NAME: META CHAIRANI
Class: 2008 E
1.BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In this globalization era, English is one of very important parts of human life. It is not only
as means of communication, but also as a media to relate to knowledge and technology. English is
the main language used is some fields, such as in the trade, diplomacy, cinematography, culture and
education in other countries all over the world. By using English as means of communication, we
make relationship with other countries closer. English is mass communication and it plays an
important role in the people’s life, either in written or oral form, such as in the books, magazines,
newspaper, radio and television.
In Indonesia, English as the first foreign language has on important role since the
language can be used to help not only students who went to enroll themselves into higher
educational institution but also the people who for better jobs and good position.
English is the first foreign language taught at school all over the country. In Indonesia
education system, it is taught at school subject at junior high school and senior high school.
Teaching learning process in Indonesia is based on certain curriculum, which is
developed by the minister of education and culture, there have been several changes of curriculum
to head with the need of the society and to improve the quality of education. The first curriculum is
the 1954 curriculum named “ Kurikulum gaya lama”. The following curriculum was published in
1962 as the “Kurikulum gaya baru”. This curriculum the, was changed into the 1968 named
“Kurikulum gaya baru yang disempurnakan”, The 1975 is the curriculum which was
implemented in the period of 1975 until 1984, it was also replaced by the 1984 curriculum. The
next is curriculum1994 and finally the new competence, based curriculum substituted it.
2.STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Based on the backgrounds of the study above the problems of this study is : which
textbook is appropriate in content and evaluation in order to fulfill the objective of competence
3.PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
This study intended to analyses which and find out textbook which is appropriate in
content and in evaluation in order to fulfill the objective of competence based curriculum.
4.SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of study is hoped to be give a contribution to the students and the teacher to
come to recognize the book that are appropriate with CBC, especially between the textbook that
are published by Penerbit Erlangga and PT. Intan pariwara. The result of the study is also hoped to
be able to used as a reference by the researcher who wants to conduct a similar research.
5.SCOPE AND LIMITATION
Even there so many books for the first of senior high school that are based on “ CBC ”,
but the written just focuses on the two textbook published by Penerbit Erlangga and PT. Intan
Pariwara to be compared as the object of research and the written limits on the content and
evaluation of the two textbook.
6.DEFINITIONS OF KEY TERMS
To avoid misunderstanding , the key term of this study are as follows :
1.ANALYSIS: A method by which a thing is separated into
parts, and those parts are give rigorous logical, detailed
scrutiny, resulting. In a consistent an relatively complete
2.CBC: CBC is a group of schemes, competence regulation,
and learning out comes which must be obtained by students,
assessment, teaching, and empower educational resource in
developing school curriculum. ( Nurhadi, 2003 :80 ).
3.BAHASA INGGRIS I: English textbook for the first
year of senior high school published by PT. Intan Pariwara.
4.HEADLIGHT: English textbook for the first year of
senior high school published by Penerbit Erlangga.
2.1.1 THE ROLE OF TEXTBOOK
Instructional materials in the form of the textbook are very important for both teacher
and learner. In making teaching preparation and conducting the teaching for example, teacher need
textbook. In addition, without textbook, teacher will have difficulties in constructing written
evaluation. While for the learner, textbook also plays an important role. The learner who do not
have textbook with them during the teaching learning activities will not be able to follow the lesson
well. In the other word, lack of textbook in teaching and activities can create the less success of
Based on the important role of textbook learning activity, good textbook should be
selected in order to support the success of teaching and learning but it teacher used textbook
without selecting the quality, it is possible that teaching will deviate from the objective.
2.1.2 THE CRITERIA OF A GOOD TEXTBOOK
There are many things in choosing the textbook for an English program Romero
(1970:27) states that the books should be attractive, using picture and has interesting material.
Attractive means that all presentations should suggest that the material is easy to learn.
Suparno ( 2002:72 ) states : the content of book should include the material that must
be known by the learner and done in each level of education. Textbook also hoped to make an
education that includes the potential thing from the society, because it is able to make good
education for the learners.
2.2 THE STANDART COMPETENCE OF ENGLISH LESSON.
CBC is given as a response from the 1999 GBHN, which released to be reactions or
correction of the errors and problem found in the implementation of the previous curriculum.
The standard competence of English lesson is competence that must be achieved by the
students as a result of learning English.
There are three standard competences in English lesson :
●Communication both oral and written language by using language variation in the form of
narrative, report, news item, etc.
●Communicate both oral and written language by using language variation in the form of
descriptive, anecdote and expository paragraph.
●Communicate both oral and written language by using language variation in the form of
explanation, discussion, commentary and review.
The function English language education is to develop the learners in all educational aspects such
as : personality, science, technology, arts, and the capability of international communication.
2.2.1 THE UNDERSTANDING OF LANGUAGE
Basically language is a means to express idea, mind and feeling. English is said to be the
first foreign language in Indonesia, which is considered to be an important means of observing and
developing knowledge, technology, culture, arts and establishing good relation with other nations.
2.2.2 FUNCTION OF TEACHING ENGLISH
Teaching English lesson is able to develop self development in science, technology, art
and culture. As a result, they can develop into citizens who are intellectual, skilled of Indonesian
personality, and ready to participate in national development.
2.2.3 OBJECTIVES OF ENGLISH LESSON
English lesson has the objective as follows :
* Communication in English language.
* The understanding of English lesson as a system.
* The cultural understanding.
2.2.4 SCOPE OF ENGLISH LESSON
It covers four language skills, include, speaking, listening , writing and develop on the
basis of theme. Other language components such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation spelling
can be through to support the development of the four language skills.
2.3 THE PROGRAM INTRUCSIONAL
2.3.1 THE COMPETENCE BASED CURRICULUM
Pedagogues should not claim that a new minister is identically with a new curriculum.
The changes is education are not new things, even they have got to occur, due to a change is a
process which describes what is happening at that time.
GBHN 1999 – 2003 recommend to review educational system, including curriculum.
Competence Based Curriculum (CBC) as a new paradigm is enforced to prepare
graduates to master some competence for their lives.
So, students becomes passive in the class because they could not think and share their
ideas to their teacher and friends because the teacher did not give chance to them to speak up by
them selves and system of assessment only focus on students test result, and 2004 curriculum the
teacher roles as facilitator it means that CBC has to be given to the student in order to develop their
creativity after the teacher gives the material. So, CBC and 1994 curriculum is different it can be
seen not only fro and content but also from the way in presenting the material.
2.3.2 OBJECTIVES OF THE FIRST CLASS
There are four skills in English language skills, and they have their own objectives, such
as : listening, speaking, reading and writing.
3.1 RESEARCH DESIGN
This study is designed to obtain the answer whether the two textbook are relevant to the
new curriculum and meet the requirements of goods instructional materials in terms of the contents
3.2 SUBJECT OF THE STUDY
The subject of this study are all materials of the SMU English textbook for the first year
published by Penerbit Erlangga and PT. Intan Pariwara, the purpose of using the books is to obtain
the detailed information from the two textbooks that are related to the competence based
3.3 DATA COLLECTION
The data of this are the document materials of the SMU English textbook for the first
year published by Penerbit Erlangga and PT. Intan Pariwara. Thus, the data are documents in the
form of the textbooks. The two documents used in this study are SMU English textbooks, i.e :
1.Penerbit Erlangga, Headlight, Emilia I. Lukman, M.pd, et al.
2.PT.Intan Pariwara, Bahasa Inggris kelas I SMU, Adreas Heri Kristomo, et al.
3.4 DATA ANALYSIS
The criteria to analyze the data are as follows :
a.Comparing Actional Competences ( kompetensi tindak bahasa) covered by the two
textbooks, namely : reading, writing, listening and speaking.
b.The comparison of presented materials of two textbooks for the actional competences, namely :
reading, writing, listening and speaking.
c.The comparison of types of task and evaluation of the two textbooks.
3.4.1 TECHNIQUE OF THE DATA ANALYSIS
1.Make a checklist of the actionable competences covered by the two textbooks, namely :
reading, writing, listening and speaking.
2.Make a checklist of presented materials of the two textbooks for the actionable competences,
namely : reading, writing, listening and speaking.
3.Make a checklist of types of task and evaluation of the two textbooks.
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION
Based on the research finding, the researcher found that the first concept of English lesson
for the first year of senior high school that was the principle of English lesson such as grammar,
vocabulary, speaking and pronunciation must be presented based on the situation of the target’s culture
and student’s culture.
The second concept was about the principle of English lesson that was aimed to support the
mastery and the development of actional competences for the students. Both of textbooks presented all
actional competences to support the student’s mastery and develop their ability in understanding English
The actional competences could not be separated one and each other. So,in every unit of
discussion all action competences should be available, that was the fourth concept. Actually both of
textbooks use this rule, but the way to present the material was different.
In “Headlight” each actional competences was presented systematically in every unit, while
in “BHS. Inggris I” There are subunits in each unit, and each subunits not always involve all the actional
The last concept was the students must be involved in teaching and learning process that are
aimed to develop student’s ability all educational aspect, arouse the student’s motivation to develop
their personality, and develop the student’s ability to communicative each other. Both of textbooks
already use this concept.
In conclusion, both of textbooks already good, but only “BHS. Inggris I“ Was appropriate
in content and evaluation to fulfill the objective of competence based curriculum.
1.In selecting the English textbooks, the teacher and the students is hoped to select the textbooks
base on the concept of English lesson, because it can help competence and ability in Mastering
the actional competence and develop their ability in understanding the English language.
2.Because the scope of the study is limited to some SMU English textbooks for the first year, It is
hoped the result of the study will help everyone who want to conduct further similar studies
beyond to the study, such as :
a.Helping the students to know procedure of analyzing of textbook and discussing the data.
b.By reading suggestion provided in the study, students who want to a conduct a literature
study will find a new idea about the title of the study.
Kristomo, Andreas Heri. 2003. Bahasa Inggris. Klaten. PT. Intan Pariwara
Lukman, Emilia I, M.Pd. 2003. Haedlight. Jakarta. Penerbit Erlangga
Mulyasa. E, Dr. M.Pd. 2003. Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi Konsep, Karakteristik, Dan
Implementasi. Bandung. PT. Remaja Kosdakarya.