NAME:ENDRIX CANDRA WINATA
1.1 Background of The Study
As social beings, we like telling people about things that happen to us and we like hearing of things that happen to other people. We go to the movie because we are eager to see and to hear things happening. We like too, listening to the stories, the music, and the opinions of other on what is happening. The radio, movies and televisions allow ways of increasing our experience of going thing in our imagination that we might never have a chance to do.
From the description above, it is not wrong that the writer goes into the literature’s job. Literature of the people is principle element of its culture. It contains the record of the people value, their thought, their problems and their conflict. In short, their whole way of life. Literature may fairly be regarded as the chief art of mankind. Kennedy’s description in An Introduction to The Study of Literature, literature as a vocal record of what men have seen in life, what they have experienced of it, what they have thought and felt about those aspects of it which have the most immediate and enduring interest for all of us (1965 : 10).
The literature may be classified into two groups. The first group is “LITERATURE OF KNOWLEDGE OR INFORMATIVE LITERATURE”. The function of this kind of literature is to present information, to teach knowledge, to offer knowledge, for example: history book, travel brochures, magazine and school text books.
The second group is “LITERATURE OF POWER OR IMAGINATIVE LITERATURE “. The function of imaginative literature is to entertain, to move, to arouse thought and feeling, for example: novels, short stories, poems, and drama.
In this study the writer is going to focus on the second group of literature “imaginative literature or literature of power”. He is interested in novel, because it is interesting literary work. A novel is like a short story. It is longer, both are prose fiction, deals with truths, problems and conflict, aim to entertain and to inform and in both element of structure are found: plot, characterization, situation, and theme. A short story focuses on one incident in time. A novel has far more range. It may deal with a deal with a life time, a number of incident. A novel may have many characters, some of whom may never even come into contact with other, but who are nevertheless, somehow involved with the others.
The writer is interested in analyzing the main character’s conflicts (Lemuel Gulliver) in the novel “Gulliver’s Travels” written by Jonathan Swift. The writer is interested analyzing the conflict because is a part of life and can be learned to face the same problems in life.
1.2 Statement of The Problem
The writer tries to discuss about the problems which happen to the main character, and how he solves them.
Before analyzing the novel, there are several problems that come from the writer’s mind. They can be formulated as follow:
1. What conflicts are found in the main character of “Gulliver’s Travels”?
2. What is the most dominant conflict in the main character of “Gulliver’s Travels”?
3. What is the resolution on conflict “Gulliver’s Travels”?
1.3 Purpose of The Study
Related to what has been statement above, the goal of the study is to answer the problems of the study. They are:
1. To describe the conflict of main character in the “Gulliver’s Travels”.
2. To find out the most dominant conflict of main character in the “Gulliver’s Travels”.
3. To describe the resolution of the conflicts in the “Gulliver’s Travels”.
1.4 Scope and Limitation
This study has scope and limitation. The writer only analyze on one novel which has title “Gulliver’s Travels”. Furthermore, the writer of the study limits his study by focusing on one aspect of the novel. That is conflict especially of the main character’s conflict in “Gulliver’s Travels”.
1.5 Significant of The Study
The writer hopes this study has some significances, especially for English department students. Firstly, it is hoped that this study will encourage the student to study more about literature. Secondly, this study gives some motivations to the students in order to study novel as one of literary work. The most important things, the writer also hopes that this study will help the readers especially the English department students to get more experience from the conflicts that happen in “Gulliver’s Travels”
1.6 Definition of The Key Terms
There are some important terms in this study. Therefore, it is necessary for writer to give the definition of the key terms used in the title.
Literature is simply another way we can experience the world around us through our imagination.
The study of something by examining it’s part
Novel is a book of long narrative in literary prose.
Conflict is defined as the struggle which grows out of interplay of two opposing forces in plot, which provides the elements of interest and suspense in any form of fiction
Characters are the person presented in a dramatic or narrative works
6. Main character
Main character is prominent figure who become focus of the story
Resolution the rounding -off on action, the conclusion one way or the other of the conflict
REVIEW OR RELATED LITERATURE
Long (1945:8) explains that literature is the expression of life in the world of truth and beauty; it is the writer’s record of people’s spirit of this thought, emotion, and expression. It is history of human soul. Thus, the art of literature is the expression of life in the world that appeal to the writer’s sense of beauty.
Like any other forms of art, literature is an artistic expression of life and truth. In painting the expression takes the form of lines and colors, in literature they made words and sounds. Literature enables the readers to feel comfortable and see the reflection of real life. So, the readers can relieve their own grief, uncertainty, and other problems in their hearts. Literature can also broaden understanding of life since literature contains values about life.
In abroad sense, fiction is imaginative literature. Fiction tells about an author’s experiences, feeling, and observes. It is true that in some fiction, the author combine between factual information with his or her imagination.
2.2.1 The Elements of Fiction
The elements of fiction are something an author should concern with to produce good works. Those elements are:
Plot is the structure of action in dramatic or narrative work. It is designed to achieve particular emotional and artistic effects. It also means that exhibit their moral and disposition qualities. Plot and character are depending on each other. In a story, we know two kinds of plot, close plot and open plot. A close plot is a plot in which the author resolves or concludes the story for the reader. An open plot is a plot that ends of the climax, and the reader is left to decide what he thinks the resolution of outcome of the story.
18.104.22.168 Setting of Situation
Setting is very important in a story. It is what gives background to the story. It gives the reader information where the story is taking place.
In setting or situation, we find two kinds of elements:
Where the story taking place. This can be- regional by a certain region. For example, “Ande-Ande Lumut”. This can be neutral. It can also be where the story explains bout something happening generally such as, “Ratapan Anak Tiri”, and this can be spiritual. It can also be where the story concerns religion dogma, moral or etnicts. A story about prophets, for example “Malin Kundang”.
When the time is taking place (season, year, minutes, hour, day, month, week, etc). it tell us something about the story as detailed as possible, such as, about lighting, sound, the interior of a room, scenery, clothes, etc.
Character is divided into two general categories. First, a simple or flat character is called flat because the reader sees only one side of the character. It isles representation of human personality then the embodiment of the single attitude or obsession in a character. The second is complex or round characters. The complex character is obviously more lifelike than the simple, because in life people in life people are not simply embodiments of single attitude.
Characterization is the way the author writes the character in order to make them life. It is the method in performing characters in a story. In fiction it is depicting of clear images of a person. It really does not matter who or what the character as long as it can be identified. So, the author must choose not only what kind of character he will present, but also by what methods he will present them. There are numbers of methods available to the author, with its advantages and disadvantages. In doing this, people may consider numerous ways that a writer contributes to the reader’s understanding of a character, among them motivation, consistency, and individuality.
Theme is the underlying or central idea that the author is presenting. It is the controlling idea dominating the story. It has been used as a synonym for tropic and subject. Most stories have a theme, sometime we might call “The Message” or “The Moral” of the story. The theme may come from the whole story as the reader lives through it, and because each of us is different as we experience the story, each of us my draw from it a different theme, a different meaning.
22.214.171.124 Point of View
Point of view is a term of using criticism of prose fiction to design the position form, which the story is told. How the readers think about everything relating to the story, how they express, and comment the content of the story are called as point of view. The two fundamental points of view are the first person narration and the third person narration.
First person: The first person point of view is easily recognizable by the current use of “I” the voice since of a character, not the author. It is important to recognize the distinction between authors who write stories and characters that tell them.
Third person: The third person point of view is handled in one of two ways, he omniscient (all knowing) or limited narrator. In the omniscient from God like narrator describes all the thoughts and feelings of the character and tell us what they said and why. Naturally the actual words of the characters may be quoted, but third person pronouns or proper nouns appear
The word conflict is taken from Latin word ” contra” meaning to strike. So, conflict is an art of tricking together group. Conflicts is the strain in a made up story or drama by which it is the opposition of two forces (Sujiman, 1984:57)
In a story, we find three categories of dramatic conflict. They are:
1. The physical or elemental conflict
This conflict between man and nature. In such a story we may go through the struggles of a man climbing a mountain.
2. Social conflict
Social conflict is man in conflict against another. For example: two women seeking to marry the same man.
3. The psychological conflict
The psychological conflict is man struggling against himself, his conscience, his guilt, or simply trying to decide that he is going to do. In such a story we may see, an honest but poor bank employee fighting the temptation to steal from his bank in a story.
2.3 The biography of Jonathan Swift
Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. He is remembered for works such as Gulliver’s Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, Drapier’s Letters, The Battle of the Books, An Argument Against Abolishing Christianity, and A Tale of a Tub. Swift is probably the foremost prose satirist in the English language, and is less well known for his poetry. Swift originally published all of his works under pseudonyms—such as Lemuel Gulliver, Isaac Bickerstaff, M.B. Drapier—or anonymously. He is also known for being a master of two styles of satire: the Horatian and Juvenalian styles.
Jonathan Swift was born at No. 7, Hoey’s Court, Dublin, and was the second child and only son of Jonathan Swift (a second cousin of John Dryden) and wife Abigail Erick (or Herrick), paternal grandson of Thomas Swift and wife Elizabeth Dryden, daughter of Nicholas Dryden (brother of Sir Erasmus Dryden, 1st Baronet Dryden) and wife Mary Emyley. His father was Irish born and his mother was the sister of the vicar of Frisby-on-the-Wreake, England. Swift arrived seven months after his father’s untimely death. Most of the facts of Swift’s early life are obscure, confused and sometimes contradictory. It is widely believed that his mother returned to England when Jonathan was still very young, then leaving him to be raised by his father’s family. His uncle Godwin took primary responsibility for the young Jonathan, sending him with one of his cousins to Kilkenny College (also attended by the philosopher George Berkeley). In 1682 he attended Dublin University (Trinity College, Dublin), receiving his B.A. in 1686. Swift was studying for his Master’s degree when political troubles in Ireland surrounding the Glorious Revolution forced him to leave for England in 1688, where his mother helped him get a position as secretary and personal assistant of Sir William Temple at Moor Park, Farnham. Temple was an English diplomat who, having arranged the Triple Alliance of 1668, retired from public service to his country estate to tend his gardens and write his memoirs. Gaining the confidence of his employer, Swift “was often trusted with matters of great importance.”[cite this quote] Within three years of their acquaintance, Temple had introduced his secretary to William III, and sent him to London to urge the King to consent to a bill for triennial Parliaments. When Swift took up his residence at Moor Park, he met Esther Johnson, then eight years old, the fatherless daughter of one of the household servants. Swift acted as her tutor and mentor, giving her the nickname “Stella”, and the two maintained a close but ambiguous relationship for the rest of Esther’s life.Swift left Temple in 1690 for Ireland because of his health, but returned to Moor Park the following year. The illness, fits of vertigo or giddiness—now known to be Ménière’s disease—would continue to plague Swift throughout his life. During this second stay with Temple, Swift received his M.A. from Hertford College, Oxford in 1692. Then, apparently despairing of gaining a better position through Temple’s patronage, Swift left Moor Park to become an ordained priest in the Established Church of Ireland and in 1694 he was appointed to the prebend of Kilroot in the Diocese of Connor, with his parish located at Kilroot, near Carrickfergus in County Antrim. Swift appears to have been miserable in his new position, being isolated in a small, remote community far from the centres of power and influence. While at Kilroot, however, Swift may well have become romantically involved with Jane Waring. A letter from him survives, offering to remain if she would marry him and promising to leave and never return to Ireland if she refused. She presumably refused, because Swift left his post and returned to England and Temple’s service at Moor Park in 1696, and he remained there until Temple’s death. There he was employed in helping to prepare Temple’s memoirs and correspondence for publication. During this time Swift wrote The Battle of the Books, a satire responding to critics of Temple’s Essay upon Ancient and Modern Learning (1690). Battle was however not published until 1704. On 27 January 1699 Temple died. Swift stayed on briefly in England to complete the editing of Temple’s memoirs, and perhaps in the hope that recognition of his work might earn him a suitable position in England. However, Swift’s work made enemies of some of Temple’s family and friends who objected to indiscretions included in the memoirs. His next move was to approach King William directly, based on his imagined connection through Temple and a belief that he had been promised a position. This failed so miserably that he accepted the lesser post of secretary and chaplain to the Earl of Berkeley, one of the Lords Justices of Ireland. However, when he reached Ireland he found that the secretaryship had already been given to another. But he soon obtained the living of Laracor, Agher, and Rathbeggan, and the prebend of Dunlavin in St. Patrick’s Cathedral, Dublin. At Laracor, a mile or two from Trim, County Meath, and twenty miles (32 km) from Dublin, Swift ministered to a congregation of about fifteen people, and had abundant leisure for cultivating his garden, making a canal (after the Dutch fashion of Moor Park), planting willows, and rebuilding the vicarage. As chaplain to Lord Berkeley, he spent much of his time in Dublin and traveled to London frequently over the next ten years. In 1701, Swift published, anonymously, a political pamphlet, A Discourse on the Contests and Dissentions in Athens and Rome.
In February 1702, Swift received his Doctor of Divinity degree from Trinity College, Dublin. That spring he traveled to England and returned to Ireland in October, accompanied by Esther Johnson—now twenty years old—and his friend Rebecca Dingley, another member of William Temple’s household. There is a great mystery and controversy over Swift’s relationship with Esther Johnson nicknamed “Stella”. Many[who?] hold that they were secretly married in 1716.
During his visits to England in these years Swift published A Tale of a Tub and The Battle of the Books (1704) and began to gain a reputation as a writer. This led to close, lifelong friendships with Alexander Pope, John Gay, and John Arbuthnot, forming the core of the Martinus Scriblerus Club (founded in 1713).
Swift became increasingly active politically in these years. From 1707 to 1709 and again in 1710, Swift was in London, unsuccessfully urging upon the Whig administration of Lord Godolphin the claims of the Irish clergy to the First-Fruits and Twentieths (“Queen Anne’s Bounty”), which brought in about £2,500 a year, already granted to their brethren in England. He found the opposition Tory leadership more sympathetic to his cause and Swift was recruited to support their cause as editor of the Examiner when they came to power in 1710. In 1711, Swift published the political pamphlet “The Conduct of the Allies,” attacking the Whig government for its inability to end the prolonged war with France. The incoming Tory government conducted secret (and illegal) negotiations with France, resulting in the Treaty of Utrecht (1713) ending the War of the Spanish Succession. Swift was part of the inner circle of the Tory government, and often acted as mediator between Henry St. John (Viscount Bolingbroke) the secretary of state for foreign affairs (1710–15) and Robert Harley (Earl of Oxford) lord treasurer and prime minister (1711–1714). Swift recorded his experiences and thoughts during this difficult time in a long series of letters to Esther Johnson, later collected and published as The Journal to Stella. The animosity between the two Tory leaders eventually led to the dismissal of Harley in 1714. With the death of Queen Anne and accession of George I that year, the Whigs returned to power and the Tory leaders were tried for treason for conducting secret negotiations with France.
Also during these years in London, Swift became acquainted with the Vanhomrigh family and became involved with one of the daughters, Esther, yet another fatherless young woman and another ambiguous relationship to confuse Swift’s biographers. Swift furnished Esther with the nickname “Vanessa” and she features as one of the main characters in his poem Cadenus and Vanessa. The poem and their correspondence suggests that Esther was infatuated with Swift, and that he may have reciprocated her affections, only to regret this and then try to break off the relationship. Esther followed Swift to Ireland in 1714, where there appears to have been a confrontation, possibly involving Esther Johnson. Esther Vanhomrigh died in 1723 at the age of 35. Another lady with whom he had a close but less intense relationship was Anne Long, a toast of the Kit-Cat Club.
Before the fall of the Tory government, Swift hoped that his services would be rewarded with a church appointment in England. However, Queen Anne appeared to have taken a dislike to Swift and thwarted these efforts. The best position his friends could secure for him was the Deanery of St. Patrick’s, Dublin. With the return of the Whigs, Swift’s best move was to leave England and he returned to Ireland in disappointment, a virtual exile, to live “like a rat in a hole”. Once in Ireland, however, Swift began to turn his pamphleteering skills in support of Irish causes, producing some of his most memorable works: Proposal for Universal Use of Irish Manufacture (1720), Drapier’s Letters (1724), and A Modest Proposal (1729), earning him the status of an Irish patriot.Also during these years, he began writing his masterpiece, Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts, by Lemuel Gulliver, first a surgeon, and then a captain of several ships, better known as Gulliver’s Travels. Much of the material reflects his political experiences of the preceding decade. For instance, the episode in which the giant Gulliver puts out the Lilliputian palace fire by urinating on it can be seen as a metaphor for the Tories’ illegal peace treaty; having done a good thing in an unfortunate manner. In 1726 he paid a long-deferred visit to London, taking with him the manuscript of Gulliver’s Travels. During his visit he stayed with his old friends Alexander Pope, John Arbuthnot and John Gay, who helped him arrange for the anonymous publication of his book. First published in November 1726, it was an immediate hit, with a total of three printings that year and another in early 1727. French, German, and Dutch translations appeared in 1727, and pirated copies were printed in Ireland. Swift returned to England one more time in 1727 and stayed with Alexander Pope once again. The visit was cut short when Swift received word that Esther Johnson was dying and rushed back home to be with her. On 28 January 1728, Esther Johnson died; Swift had prayed at her bedside, even composing prayers for her comfort. Swift could not bear to be present at the end, but on the night of her death he began to write his The Death of Mrs. Johnson. He was too ill to attend the funeral at St. Patrick’s. Many years later, a lock of hair, assumed to be Esther Johnson’s, was found in his desk, wrapped in a paper bearing the words, “Only a woman’s hair.” Death became a frequent feature in Swift’s life from this point. In 1731 he wrote Verses on the Death of Dr. Swift, his own obituary published in 1739. In 1732, his good friend and collaborator John Gay died. In 1735, John Arbuthnot, another friend from his days in London, died. In 1738 Swift began to show signs of illness, and in 1742 he appears to have suffered a stroke, losing the ability to speak and realizing his worst fears of becoming mentally disabled. (“I shall be like that tree,” he once said, “I shall die at the top.”) To protect him from unscrupulous hangers on, who had begun to prey on the great man, his closest companions had him declared of “unsound mind and memory.” However, it was long believed by many that Swift was really insane at this point. In his book Literature and Western Man, author J.B. Priestley even cites the final chapters of Gulliver’s Travels as proof of Swift’s approaching “insanity”. In 1744, Alexander Pope died. Then, on October 19, 1745, Swift died. After being laid out in public view for the people of Dublin to pay their last respects, he was buried in his own cathedral by Esther Johnson’s side, in accordance with his wishes. The bulk of his fortune (twelve thousand pounds) was left to found a hospital for the mentally ill, originally known as St. Patrick’s Hospital for Imbeciles, which opened in 1757, and which still exists as a psychiatric hospital.
( http : // en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Swift). May 30th 2011
2.4 The Synopsis of Gulliver’s Travels
Part I: A Voyage to Lilliput and Blefuscu
4 May 1699 — 13 April 1702
The book begins with a very short preamble in which Lemuel Gulliver, in the style of books of the time, gives a brief outline of his life and history prior to his voyages. He enjoys travelling, although it is that love of travel that is his downfall.
During his first voyage, Gulliver is washed ashore after a shipwreck and finds himself a prisoner of a race of people normal human beings, less than 6inches high, who are inhabitants of the neighbouring and rival countries of Lilliput. After giving assurances of his good behaviour, he is given a residence in Lilliput and becomes a favourite of the court. From there, the book follows Gulliver’s observations on the Court of Lilliput. He is also given the permission to roam around the city on a condition he not harm their subjects. Gulliver assists the Lilliputians to subdue their neighbours the Blefuscudians by stealing their fleet. However, he refuses to reduce the country to a province of Lilliput, displeasing the King and the court. Gulliver is charged with treason and sentenced to be blinded. With the assistance of a kind friend, Gulliver escapes to Blefuscu, where he spots and retrieves an abandoned boat and sails out to be rescued by a passing ship which safely takes him back home.
Part II: A Voyage to Brobdingnag
20 June 1702 — 3 June 1706
When the sailing ship Adventure is steered off course by storms and forced to go in to land for want of fresh water, Gulliver is abandoned by his companions and found by a farmer who is 72 feet (22 m) tall (the scale of Lilliput is approximately 1:12; of Brobdingnag 12:1, judging from Gulliver estimating a man’s step being 10 yards (9.1 m)). He brings Gulliver home and his daughter cares for Gulliver. The farmer treats him as a curiosity and exhibits him for money. The word gets out and the Queen of Brobdingnag wants to see the show. She loves Gulliver and he is then bought by her and kept as a favourite at court.
Since Gulliver is too small to use their huge chairs, beds, knives and forks, the queen commissions a small house to be built for Gulliver so that he can be carried around in it. This is referred to as his “travelling box.” In between small adventures such as fighting giant wasps and being carried to the roof by a monkey, he discusses the state of Europe with the King. The King is not impressed with Gulliver’s accounts of Europe, especially upon learning of the usage of guns and cannons. On a trip to the seaside, his travelling box is seized by a giant eagle which drops Gulliver and his box right into the sea where he is picked up by some sailors, who return him to England.
Part III: A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, and Japan
5 August 1706 — 16 April 1710
After Gulliver’s ship is attacked by pirates, he is marooned close to a desolate rocky island, near India. Fortunately he is rescued by the flying island of Laputa, a kingdom devoted to the arts of music and mathematics but unable to use them for practical ends. Laputa’s method of throwing rocks at rebellious surface cities also seems the first time that aerial bombardment was conceived as a method of warfare. While there, he tours the country as the guest of a low-ranking courtier and sees the ruin brought about by blind pursuit of science without practical results, in a satire on bureaucracy and the Royal Society and its experiments. At The Grand Academy of Lagado great resources and manpower are employed on researching completely preposterous and unnecessary schemes such as extracting sunbeams from cucumbers, softening marble for use in pillows, learning how to mix paint by smell, and uncovering political conspiracies by examining the excrement of suspicious persons (see muckraking). Gulliver is then taken to Balnibarbi to await a trader who can take him on to Japan. While waiting for passage, Gulliver takes a short side-trip to the island of Glubbdubdrib, where he visits a magician’s dwelling and discusses history with the ghosts of historical figures, the most obvious restatement of the “ancients versus moderns” theme in the book. In Luggnagg he encounters the struldbrugs, unfortunates who are immortal, but not forever young, but rather forever old, complete with the infirmities of old age and considered legally dead at the age of eighty. After reaching Japan, Gulliver asks the Emperor “to excuse my performing the ceremony imposed upon my countrymen of trampling upon the crucifix”, which the Emperor grants. Gulliver returns home, determined to stay there for the rest of his days.
Part IV: A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms
7 September 1710 – 2 July 1715
Despite his earlier intention of remaining at home, Gulliver returns to the sea as the captain of a merchantman as he is bored with his employment as a surgeon. On this voyage he is forced to find new additions to his crew who he believes to have turned the rest of the crew against him. His crew then mutiny, and after keeping him contained for some time resolve to leave him on the first piece of land they come across and continue as pirates. He is abandoned in a landing boat and comes first upon a race of (apparently) hideous deformed and savage humanoid creatures to which he conceives a violent antipathy. Shortly thereafter he meets a horse and comes to understand that they call themselves Houyhnhms (which in their language means “the perfection of nature”), and that they are the rulers, while the deformed creatures called Yahoos are human beings in their base form. Gulliver becomes a member of the horse’s household, and comes to both admire and emulate the Houyhnhnms and their lifestyle, rejecting his fellow humans as merely Yahoos endowed with some semblance of reason which they only use to exacerbate and add to the vices Nature gave them. However, an Assembly of the Houyhnhnms rules that Gulliver, a Yahoo with some semblance of reason, is a danger to their civilization, and expels him. He is then rescued, against his will, by a Portuguese ship, and is surprised to see that Captain Pedro de Mendez, a Yahoo, is a wise, courteous and generous person. He returns to his home in England, but he is unable to reconcile himself to living among Yahoos and becomes a recluse, remaining in his house, largely avoiding his family and his wife, and spending several hours a day speaking with the horses in his stables.
3.1 Research Design
The researcher analyzes using the qualitative method. It is easy used for researching where human is performed as subject. Wolfgang Donsbach says: Qualitative is always descriptive, so the result of analysis in the form of description, not in the form of number. In qualitative research nothing is trivial, because every event is key to open and understand something. In this study the researcher wants to get objective description about the kind of conflict that happen to the main character on the novel “Gulliver’s Travels” by Jonathan Swift.
3.2 Data Source & Research data
The Source of data are taken from the novel “Gulliver’s Travels” as the primer data and theories taken from other references which support the opinion of the researcher as the secondary data. The primer and secondary data are collected and analyzed in order get valid finding and discussion.
Research data are:
1. The kinds of conflict showed in the main character Lemuel Gulliver in the novel “Gulliver’s Travels”
2. The resolution of the conflicts showed in the novel “Gulliver’s Travels”
3.3 Data Collection Procedure
The data of this study are the chapter of dialogue quotations of the novel that exist in the simple of the study. The data collections are base on the purposes of the study. So, to collect the data, the writer of this study will use some steps:
1. Reading and understanding the novel “Gulliver’s Travels”.
2. Conducting close reading toward chapter or dialogues in the novel.
3. Choosing the data dealing with problem that will be analyzed.
4. Selecting the data dealing with the purpose the study.
5. Conduct and analyze the collected data.
3.4 Data Analysis Procedure
The steps to analyze the data are as follow:
1. Analysis the data based on the classification which refer to the main character’s conflict in “Gulliver’s Travels”.
2. Determining the main character.
3. Describing the kinds of conflict found in “Gulliver’s Travels”.
4. Finding the dominant conflict faced by the main character by comparing all conflicts showed in the novel.
5. Describing the resolution solve by the main character in “Gulliver’s Travels”
6. Concluding the research
Swift,Jonathan. 1973. Gulliver’s Travels. Hong Kong. Oxford university press. Warwick house. Hong Kong
Sujiman, Panuti. 1984. Kamus Istilah Sastra. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya.
( http : //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Swift). May 30th 2011
(http : //www.businessdictionary.com/definition/conflict.html). May 30th 2011